The Kartvelologist

The Kartvelologist” is a bilingual (Georgian and English) peer-reviewed, academic journal, covering all spheres of Kartvelological scholarship. Along with introducing scholarly novelties in Georgian Studies, it aims at popularization of essays of Georgian researchers on the international level and diffusion of foreign Kartvelological scholarship in Georgian scholarly circles.


“The Kartvelologist” issues both in printed and electronic form. In 1993-2009 it came out only in printed form (#1-15). The publisher is the “Centre for Kartvelian Studies” (TSU), financially supported by the “Fund of the Kartvelological School”. In 2011-2013 the journal is financed by Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation.





Textual Commentaries to "The Man in the Panther Skin": Summarizing the Rustavelian Theory of Poetry

 

There are two reasons, due to which the need arises for a novel interpretation of the 17th stanza from the Prologue to The Man in the Panther Skin: 1) it is necessary to clarify or even revise N. Marr’s interpretation of the above stanza, which was recognized to be correct by researchers of Rustaveli’s poem in order to explain in any possible way the apparent consequential inconsistency that seems to exist between the second half-line of 17.4 (17.4b) and the first half-line of 12.4 (12.4a); 2) within the framework of the 17th stanza several peculiarities of various types are observed, which require explanation. The study conducted in the above-indicated direction revealed, that - as opposed to one of the newly proposed scholarly assumptions - the 17th stanza, as expected, not only cannot be regarded as a later insertion in the text of the poem, but it brings together and summarizes Rustaveli's whole aesthetic conception, reflected in the form of a unified discourse within all six stanzas (12-17) depicting the Rustavelian theory of poetry.

 


keywords:Rustaveli, “The Man in the Panther Skin”, prologue, Aristotle, Poetics. Category: SCHOLARLY STUDIES Authors: Zaza Khintibidze


Shota Rustaveli’s Theory of Friendship

 

The previous article represents the relevance between Aristotelian and Rustvelian concepts of friendship. The author in the MPS focuses on the dynamicity of nature of the protagonist males and defines the changes, revealed through the dynamicity of the features of the characters, based upon the thoughts of a various philosophers.   


keywords:“The Man in the Panther Skin”, friendship, Aristotle, alter ego Category: SCHOLARLY STUDIES Authors: Bert Beynen


Georgian Educational and Cultural Center in Montauban (The latest materials)


In spite of the fact that the most important moments relating to this foreign centre of Georgian culture, located in the Southern part of Paris and in the administrative centres of the Departments of Tarn-et-Garonne, the place where Georgian Fathers lived in the second half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, have already been revealed based on the written primary sources of French archives, there still remain many obscure facts that need to be clarified.

In an attempt to fill in the above mentioned lacuna, along with several Georgian researchers interested in the history of the Montauban Georgian Centre (Z. Chichinadze, Sh. Lomsadze, I. Tabaghua, S. Grigalashvili, M. Javakhishvili) [2], I have also put all my efforts into the search for new information regarding the issue. With the active help of Avtandil Khurtsidze, a specialist of the French language and a staff member of Akaki Tseereteli State University, Department of International Relations, in November 2008, I appealed to the Mayor’s Office of Montauban to help me to obtain specific information regarding the materials stored in The Archives of Ancient Materials in relation to the issues we were interested in.


keywords:Montauban, Pascal Leroy, Peter Kharischirashvili Category: SCHOLARLY STUDIES Authors: AVTANDIL NIKOLEISHVILI


Ommunaute des Peres Georgiens Catholiques a Montauban de 1872 a 1905

 

Pascal Lerua, the director of Administrative Center of Tarni and Garon’s Municipal Archives in Montobean, in France, dedicated a special research to the history of Georgian community in Montobean, existing in the 19th century. His interest in the subject, leading to the research, was provoked by the reference made by Professor of Kutaisi State University - Avtandil Nikoleishvili. Due to the fact, Professor Lerua provided Professor A. Nikoleishvili with the hitherto unknown facts based on his scholar research. The previous edition of the Journal releases Lerua’s study along with his personal letters, performed in French. The Georgian translation of the study and the letters has been performed by the colleague of the Kutaisi State University - Avtandil Khurtsidze.

The Editor


keywords:Montauban monasteries Category: SCHOLARLY STUDIES Authors: Pascal Leroy


Modernism in Georgia – System Approach

 

Integration and Perception of Modernist Models in Georgian Creative Space periodically came on the agenda of our literature science but at different stages certain balanaced attitude appeared which was characterized by duality of the position (double standard): positive and negative perception of the problem.

Positive tendency means the very fact that Avant-gardism was present in the 20th century Georgian culture and it was considered as the ready model “inserted” in Georgian Belles-lettres space. Negative viewpoint about this issue was more rough and radical. According to the latter, Avant-gardism in Georgia was considered as artificial step towards the demonstration of mannerism and originality.
Some issues connected with the classification of Georgian Modernist schools and problem of its systemic nature are associated with such approaches as well as culturological and methodological unclearness.

Modernism has different artistic images in different countries. Nevertheless, methodological scheme of sequence of Avant-gardism trends is as follows in all culturological publications: Symbolism, Impressionism, Expressionism, Futurism, Dadaism, Cubism, Surrealism (main trends are presented here).

This strategy turned out to be different for Georgia. The mentioned methodological scheme is deranged in Georgian creative reality and it looks more or less like this:

1. Symbolism; 1913-1928
2. Dadaist Tendencies; 1920s
3. Futurism; 1920s
4. Impressionism and Expressionism; 1920s

Theoretical analytics of Modernism in Georgia had explicitly brought to light the fact that it could be perceived as artistic creative method, i.e. literature of the method, which, unlike the European examples, had never acquired political loading and never claimed to replace the public-life style values.

 


keywords: Category: SCHOLARLY STUDIES Authors: Erekle1111 Meskhi


Chian Amphorae in Colchis

 

The present article reviews statistical analysis of Chian amphorae of the 7th-2nd cc. B.C. discovered in various sites of Colchis. In this period high quality wine was shipped in Chian amphorae in Colchis. Besides Chios there are amphorae of other Greek manufacturing centres (Lesbian, Samian, Thasian, Rhodian etc.), Against their background, the role of Chios in the trade with the centres of the Eastern Black Sea area is more evident. According to the presented information, it becomes clear that in the archaic period (end of the 7th c. B.C. – 6th c. B.C.) Chian imports quantitatively stood in  the first place and with middle intensity were  traced throughout the Antiquity; which emphasizes its importance in the trade relations of the period.


keywords:Amphora, Stamp, Greek Colonisation, Chios, Colchis Category: SCHOLARLY STUDIES Authors: Christine Shavlakadze